Very important from a health point of view,
it is not only the amount of body fat in the human body but its distribution.
If two people weigh the same and have the same fat content, it does not mean that they are equally exposed to the negative effects of excessive body weight. According to many researchers, abdominal obesity (apple type) is a greater threat to human health, compared to obese femoral obesity (pear type).
What is WHR?
How to calculate the distribution of body fat?
The WHR indicator is used for this purpose, Waist / Hip Ratio).
WHR = waist circumference/hip circumference.
Based on the results we can distinguish two forms of obesity:
→ abdominal obesity (apple type),
→ obese femur obesity (pear type).
Interpretation of results
WHR> 1.0 in men and WHR> 0.8 in women indicates abdominal obesity. WHR <1.0 in men
and WHR <0.8 in women testifies to femoral obesity.
Other criteria are also used (especially in many clinical trials), where WHR limit values (> 0.9 for men and> 0.85 for women).
How to measure waist and hip circumference?
The measurement of the waist circumference is made between the lower edge of the rib arch and the upper crest of the hip bone in the axillary line.
If there is no indentation in the subject, the measurement is made at the site of the widest circumference of the stomach or the circumference measured at three centimeters above the navel.
In turn, the hip circumference at the height (at the widest point) of the trochanters of the larger femurs. According to another definition, the hip circumference is measured at the widest point between the parietal process of the sternum,
and the crest of the hip bone. On the basis of another definition: at the height of the widest dimension of the buttocks or at the height of the front upper hip spikes.