Excess body fat is not just a visible sign of obesity. Too much accumulation of fat cells disturbs the structure of the skin’s coat and proper filling of its natural functions, and also causes many dermatological changes. We advise what kind of skin problems people with obesity are facing.
Obesity as so-called mother’s disease leads to about 50 other, serious diseases.
Doctors usually follow the most serious ones, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, osteoarthritis, heart disease, cardiovascular disease or cancer. The dermatological problems of people with obesity, especially obesity of the third degree (the so-called obesity) is written and says little.
Meanwhile, excess fat located in the body and under the skin, among others negatively affects the skin’s protective function and its glands. Fat deposits form folds (including on the shoulders, thighs, stomach, neck) that rub against one another not only making it difficult for the obese person to move around and perform daily activities, but also to heal wounds. Obesity leads to many dermatological diseases. What are the most common skin problems that affect people who are obese?
Stretch marks are longitudinal, spindle-shaped skin lesions that arise as a result of skin stretching and breaking of collagen fibers. In people with obesity appear most often on the skin of the abdomen, stains, breasts, back, on the inner and outer sides of the thighs, as well as on the shoulders. First, they take the red color (so-called inflammatory stretch marks), and after about 2 years they fade by taking on the pearl color (so-called atrophic striae). Stretch marks themselves do not disappear. Several methods are used to remove them, including peels, dermabrasion and micro-needle radiofclusion.
Cellulite, or female-type lipodystrophy, is an uneven distribution of fat under the skin.
In people with obesity, it appears most often on the breasts, abdomen and thighs. Skin with cellulite is wrinkled and fibrous, which is why it is commonly referred to as orange peel. Fat cells form into clumps, and between them empty spaces are formed in which water and metabolic products are collected. Then there is swelling that leads to changes in the blood supply. The size of cellulite and its appearance depend on the level of advancement – the four-level scale. There are also cellulite, fat and so-called cellulite. mattress skin. To get rid of cellulite you have to use methods that will cleanse the body of the retained water, stimulate blood circulation and burn excess body fat, such as movement training (eg on the elliptical trainer, exercises on the stomach) and the right diet with the elimination of salt and sodium. At advanced stages of cellulite, you can take advantage of cosmetic procedures such as lymphatic drainage, shockwave, endermology (vacuum massage), carboxytherapy.
The word blowing literally means the friction between.
It comes to him when two folds of moist, warm skin rub against each other. If the water does not evaporate properly in the folds of the contacting skin, the so-called mechanical displacement. If mushrooms appear there, so-called yeast infection, and when a bacterial infection occurs – so-called bacterial germination. In people with obesity, the occlusion occurs most often in the armpits, in the groins, between the skin of the breast and the trunk, between the folds of the abdomen, but it can appear in such unusual places as behind the ears and between the toes. Symptoms of the discomfort include redness of the skin, maceration of the epidermis, burning, pruritus, scaling, and eczema. The basis of treatment is proper skin care (frequent washing, thorough drying, airing), as well as the use of agents that prevent excessive sweating and anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibiotics. Untreated dissemination leads to pulmonary inflammation when the skin is covered by erosions, exudates and scabs.
Actinic keratosis is a disorder of skin pigmentation. Its characteristic symptom is dark, often black, skin changes with a thick, velvety texture. Sometimes they cause persistent pruritus. They appear most often on the neck, under the arms, in the groin, but they can also appear on the elbows, ankles or in other places of the skin folds, on the inner sides of the hands, soles of the feet and even the lips.
Where is the dark keratosis comes from, it is still unknown. The probable cause is the excessive growth of epidermal cells – creatinocytes. But it is already known that this dermatological condition occurs in several types
1. the most common type – associated with insulin resistance – affects people of all ages; it happens that a patient is already born with spots that herald disease;
2. type associated with overweight and obesity – the risk of developing this type of actinic keratosis increases with weight, can affect people of all ages, but usually subsides after weight loss to a healthy level;
3. uncaused type – so-called acicular form, cosmetic defect; it can also manifest itself for completely healthy people without any reason; most often appears on the feet, knees and elbows;
4. one-sided type – can be associated with all three types shown above;
5. pharmacological type – occurs after discontinuation of certain medications, eg insulin, glucocorticoids, oral contraceptives, cholesterol-lowering drugs;
6. paraneoplastic type – the rarest; malignant form associated with cancer; most often it is revealed with cancer located in the gastrointestinal tract; the skin lesion itself is not cancerous;
7. mixed type – a combination of two or more types described above.
Unfortunately, in only a few cases, the cure of the specific disease causes a reduction or complete disappearance of the skin lesion. In the treatment of actinic keratosis, pharmacotherapy and photochemotherapy are used.
You can read also: Diet and exercise as one of the main ways to lose body fatPosted on: June 12, 2019