Nutritional guidelines for the elderly

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Remember how you were, little parents always said to eat this and that, because it’s good for you, help you grow and be strong. And they were right, that’s how you ate and how important it was because the body was growing and had more requirements than the body of an adult. Many negative changes caused by aging can be eliminated or significantly reduced by a proper diet in younger years. 

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When a person begins to age, especially when it reaches an advanced age, the appetite begins to decrease as the years go by. So when you are older you do not provide the right amount of food that can help you, for example, to protect yourself from the disease. In many cases, it is the wrong diet in old age that is the cause of various diseases of the “elderly” age. A person who has been eating fatty foods all his life has a very high risk of having a heart attack or stroke. A person who drank large amounts of alcohol during their lifetime may have problems with their liver, pancreas and kidneys, not to mention cancer. 

It is important to eat lots of vegetables, fruits and of course meat at an early age. After research, it turned out that people who remained on a diet based on vegetables, meat and avoid alcohol and cigarettes live longer, longer and healthier. 

When the body is getting old, it does not need food in the same amount as in adolescence. Metabolism slows down and you do not need as many calories as you used to make your body function. But there are certain vitamins and minerals that we need more in our old age. Minerals and vitamins such as calcium – the older the body needs more of it to protect against osteoporosis and maintain healthy bones, vitamin D – helps in the absorption of calcium. Zinc is needed to fight disease because the body’s defenses with age are also getting worse. Fibers are also important – stomach muscles tend to get weaker with age, and need additional protection against constipation. 

The older the person, the more he must modify the diet to provide the body with “safety. Some more important tips for the elderly person should eat at least 6 meals a day including cereals, bread, dried beans, tomatoes, pasta. The body also needs at least 6 meals with fruits and vegetables just like fresh fruits, broccoli, cabbage, and berries. All this is a great source of vitamin C and A, which will help in maintaining the immune system in good condition, and the result is better protection against infections and diseases. Foods rich in protein should eat eaten in two meals a day – lean beef, chicken, eggs are suggested products. In addition, dairy products and dairy products are necessary to maintain bone stability.

Remember also that physical exercise is an important part of our life that is essential to being healthy. If you suffer from lack of appetite – physical exercise will certainly increase it. 

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You can read also: Vitamin D deficiency in the elderly people

Posted on: March 5, 2019

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