Acid-base balance

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Acid-alkaline balance guarantees our health and long life 

Homeostasis (Greek homoíos – similar, equal and stásis – duration) – the state of dynamic equilibrium of the environment in which biological processes take place. Basically it boils down to the balance of intra- and extracellular fluids. This is the state that our body always strives for. Any interference with our body causes it to get out of this state and disturb the balance which in consequence can and often leads to deplorable effects. Every day we eat food and drink liquids, providing not only macro but also microelements, which affect the state of our acid-base balance, which is one of the basic conditions for the proper functioning of the body. 

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If we eat too much acidic products, such as animal proteins, refined carbohydrates (eg sugar, flour, light rice, pasta), fat, coffee, black tea, alcohol and nicotine, excess acid acid residues may form in the body. The level of acid in the blood can also be increased as a result of stress, rush, the use of incorrect weight loss treatments, excess of medication, lack of exercise or too intense physical activity. 

Why is excess of acids bad? 

Each cell of our body has an optimal and proper pH (pH is a measure of alkalinity or acidity, pH up to 6.8 is acidic 7 neutral to 7 basic). The pH of the cells as well as the whole organism is strictly defined and regulated, and any deflections in the acid pH cause a number of negative consequences such as aging of tissues, wrinkles, pain and swelling when the body retains water to dilute it and prevent damage. Cancer cells quickly develop in an acidic environment, while healthy cells die. 

Long-term acidification promotes the development of serious diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, osteoporosis, cancer, degenerative changes of the joints, overweight, and may be the cause of many ailments of general fatigue, lack of concentration, sleep disorders, nervous tension, depression, frequent infections, constipations, nail brittleness and hair loss. 

What are the symptoms of acidification? 

Permanent stay in acidification is quickly signaled by our body. Acidification has its share in almost all chronic diseases – or triggering symptoms. Almost every system of our organism in a different way indicates to us a long-lasting stay in acidification. 

  • The digestive system – acute or chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, intestinal mycosis, constipation, digestive problems, feeling of fullness, bloating, gallbladder disease. 
  • Muscles and joints – gout, muscle pain, osteoporosis, arthritis, rheumatism. 
  • Skin, hair and teeth – hair loss, brittle nails, caries, parodontosis, dry skin, fungal infections, acne in adolescents and adults, skin problems, cellulite. 
  • Metabolic system – overweight, wolf attacks, sudden hunger for sweets, diabetes, kidney stones, elevated cholesterol. 
  • Cardiovascular system – hypertension, premature calcification, diseases of blood vessels, abnormal blood supply to hands and legs, dizziness, migraines, myocardial infarction. 

 

How does acidification occur? 

Biochemical reactions in our body occur mainly in the aquatic environment (water is the majority of our body weight). Nutrients and electrolytes are dissolved in the water. Intracellular and intracellular fluids in the body provide a strictly defined dynamic balance between acids and bases. This is a condition for the proper functioning of each organ. 

In aqueous solutions, the acids release hydrogen ions H +. The more H + ions released, the stronger the acid. This is determined by the so-called pH value, which is lower when the acid is stronger. 

The bases are compounds that release hydroxyl OH- ions in an aqueous solution. OH – ions have the ability to bind H + ions, thereby neutralizing the acids. The excess of hydrogen ions remaining in the solution (H +) causes its acidification (…) 

Even small deviations from the norm cause serious disturbances of metabolic processes, which leads to the above-mentioned effects. 

Why is this happening? 

What is the fault of this state of affairs is primarily a poor diet, lack of exercise as well as bad habits and stimulants. Currently, our diet is rich in highly processed foods often very fatty and rich carbohydrates with a high index I / G and poor in alkalizing products (vegetables and fruits). Also, the consumption of coffee, alcohol and large amounts of black tea favors disruption of the acid-base balance. The way of life under stress and rush as well as taking medicines has a significant influence. 

How to help yourself? 

Above all, a quick change in lifestyle and nutrition. I strongly urge you to physical activity lasting a minimum of 30 minutes three times a week, of course the more the better but moderation is indicated in everything. Limit the amount of coffee, black tea and alcohol drunk. It is also important to eat enough fluids during the day. And the most important aspect is the proper balancing of our daily diet, to facilitate this below, I present tables containing examples of foods and their and their acid-base equivalent (it simply tells us which product has a reaction, + for acidic and – for alkaline). This table will help us balance the diet. It should be taken care that in every meal the “sour food is balanced by food” alkalizing. Eg a meal consisting of 150g chicken breast should be balanced with 100g spinach. 

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You can read also: AMINO ACIDS – building blocks of muscles

Posted on: February 28, 2019

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