Turmeric – healthy condiment!

marie-grob-1040982-unsplash
  1. Turmeric application and action
  2. Turmeric – indications
  3. Turmeric – contraindications for use
  4. Curcumin – occurrence

 

  1. Turmeric application and action

Curcumin is currently the subject of interest in the world of science and biotechnology due to the broad and not yet fully understood spectrum of activity. The low bioavailability of curcumin for our body cells as a result of its poor absorption in oral administration makes it almost undetectable in the blood serum, making it difficult to accurately screen and introduce as a potential therapeutic agent in clinical medicine.

On the other hand, it can be a big advantage of curcumin, because it is characterized by low toxicity when taken orally. According to the European Food Safety Authority, a safe dose is 3 mg / kg body weight. In Poland, however, the upper limit of consumption has not been established.

Research indicates that turmeric given daily at a dose of 3.6-8 g did not cause any side effects. However, this issue depends on individual variability. First of all, remember the old rule “Omnia sunt venena, nihil est sine veneno. Sola dosis facit venenum “, meaning the famous issue of Paracelsus” Everything is poison and nothing is poison, because only the dose makes the poison “and do not overdo it with the amount of turmeric and derivatives used by us.

Turmeric owes its properties to curcumin – a polyphenolic antioxidant, a chemical compound that is widely used in the industry as a food color. Interestingly, the first structure of curcumin was examined in 1910 by Polish chemists, Stanisław Kostanecki, Janina Miłobędzka and Wiktor Lampe. Turmeric in medicine The Far East has been used for almost 4,000 years for the treatment of difficult-to-heal wounds, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and as a natural painkiller.

Turmeric – antioxidant use

Curcumin neutralizes free radicals in the cell, including superoxide anion radical, hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical. It also increases the amount of intracellular glutathione, a compound with strong antioxidant properties. As a result, turmeric is a powerful antioxidant and protects cells from damage due to excessive oxidative stress. Curcumin therefore has a beneficial effect on the function of the endothelium of blood vessels, the decrease of lipid peroxidation and their accumulation in the blood vessels. It has, therefore, anti-atherosclerosis.

Turmeric – anti-inflammatory effect

Curcumin relieves inflammation of the body, accelerates wound healing, because it inhibits the expression of proteins responsible for the formation of inflammation. It has antiulcer effects because it stimulates the secretion of mucin – a compound that protects the stomach mucosa. It also improves the functioning of the liver, because it increases bile production and the rate of its release. At the same time, it protects against hepatocytes in the case of poisoning with, for example, drugs, alcohol.

Neuroprotective effect

Curcumin is the subject of intensive research in the field of use for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, especially in Alzheimer’s disease. Curcumin, due to the fact that it alleviates inflammation, eliminates nerve cell damage due to oxidative stress and inhibits beta-amyloid aggregation, may be a remarkable complement to the standard pharmacological therapy currently used by neurologists.

Turmeric – chemopreventive and anti-cancer properties

Curcumin inhibits the transcription of proteins involved in the cancerous transformation of the cell. In addition, it can increase the sensitivity of cells to the used cytostatics, as well as the ability to induce apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibit their proliferation, so its use as an anti-cancer agent is currently the subject of intense research. It has been shown to be effective in the prevention of colorectal cancer, breast cancer and the prevention of metastases to other organs. Research is currently underway on the use of curcumin as an adjunct to the treatment of prostate cancer, colon and cutaneous melanoma.

Turmeric antiseptic effect

Turmeric inhibits the multiplication of microorganisms, e.g. yeast fungi, Bacillus or Clostridium bacillus. In the Far East countries turmeric is often used in the form of wound ointments, then it has a disinfecting effect.

Turmeric reduces hyperglycaemia

Studies have shown that curcumin reduces hyperglycaemia, improves lipid parameters, and improves insulin secretion. This can be valuable information for people struggling with pre-diabetes.

Curcumin increases the secretion of nitric oxide, thanks to which it lowers blood pressure and causes the expansion of blood vessels. There are also studies that indicate that curcumin can inhibit articular cartilage destruction in rheumatoid arthritis.

 

  1. Turmeric – indications

In Hindu and Chinese medicine, turmeric was a curative to treat jaundice and ulcers. It was also used as an appetite suppressant, reducing colic and menstrual pain. It was widely used in the treatment of wounds, bites, burns, acne and other skin diseases. It helps relieve diarrhea, indigestion, heartburn. Interestingly, in those areas it is used as an anti-depressant and soothing hallucinations caused by intoxicants.

 

  1. Turmeric – contraindications for use

Turmeric is not recommended for everyone. Like any substance used in excess, it can be dangerous to health and must not be misused.

Pregnant women should not consume it in excess, because it increases uterine contractility and can cause miscarriage. It also reduces blood clotting, so patients preparing for surgery or using anticoagulants should stop consuming it. Turmeric reduces blood sugar, so people with diabetes should not use it in excess, because it can cause sudden hypoglycemia and poor control of blood sugar levels.

On the one hand, turmeric can eliminate inflammation in the digestive system, but when used in excess, it can have the opposite effect and cause hyperacidity, heartburn, abdominal pain and chest pain. Similarly, turmeric can affect the metabolism of certain drugs and change the rate of their absorption. If you take any medication before you start taking curcuma, also in the form of a supplement, be sure to consult your doctor!

 

  1. Curcumin – occurrence

In its original form, it is found in turmeric. Curcumin is a widely used food coloring. We find her, among others in mustard, fish pastes, ice cream, soups, candied fruits, wine or desserts. The most popular dish, which contains a large amount of turmeric, is the famous curry. The headpiece of Indian cuisine is very easy to cook despite appearances.

 

All we need to prepare 2 servings of traditional curry is

 

– 150 g chicken breasts;

– 1 large onion;

– 1 can of tomatoes;

– 4 cloves of garlic;

– 2 cm ginger;

– a pinch of chilli;

– 1 teaspoon of turmeric;

– 2 tablespoons of oil;

– a pinch of cumin, anise and fenugreek;

– salt and pepper to taste;

– 100 g of rice.

 

A method of preparing

  1. Cook rice in accordance with the instructions on the packaging.
  2. Peel the onion, cut into small feathers. We blanch gold in olive oil.
  3. Add garlic and grated ginger pressed through the press.
  4. Add the remaining spices.
  5. Peel the tomatoes and add them to the pan.
  6. Wash the chicken, cut into cubes and add to the pan.
  7. We mix everything. Season to taste with salt or pepper.
  8. Serve with rice

 

Bon Appetit!

 

Bibliography

Cyranka M., Kapka L., Rzeski W., Chemoprevention of tumors – the perspective of application in prevention and therapy, “Public Health and Management” 2009, 119 (2), 223-227.

Deptuła T., Gruber B., Krówczyński A., Kurkumina and its derivatives – application in anti-cancer and chemo-protective therapy, “Postępy Fitoterapii” 3, 2014.

Lal J., Turmeric, curcumin and oife a review, “Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences” 2012, 1 (7), 11-17.

Przybylska S., Kurkumina – pro-health dye curcuma, “Problems of Hygiene and Epidemiology” 2015, 96 (2), 414-420.

Sikora-Polaczek M., Bielak-Żmijewska A., Sikora E., Molecular and cellular mechanisms of curcumin activity – beneficial effects on the body, “Postępy Biochemii” 2011, 74-84.

Szczepański MA, Grzanka A., Chemopreventive and antineoplastic properties of curcumin, “Cancer. Journal of Oncology “2009, 59, 377-384

Terlikowska K., Witkowska A., Terlikowski S., Kurkumina in chemoprevention of breast cancer, “Advances in Hygiene and Experimental Medicine” 2014, 68, 571-578.

Wolanin K., Piwocka K., Kurkumina – from natural medicine to the clinic, 2008, 53-65.

Zalega J., Szostak-Węgierek D., Nutrition in the prevention of cancer. Part III. Anti-cancer diets, “Hygiene and Epidemiology Problems” 2013, 94 (1), 59-70.

Posted on: October 16, 2018

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *