Slimming in heart and cardiovascular diseases

Among diseases, which contribute to overweight and obesity are diseases of heart and the circulatory system. The appearance of the first symptoms is a sign that it’s time to start dieting. However, the situation is more complicated than in the case of people who do not have such health problems.

How to lose weight safely in diseases of the cardiovascular system? Patients should lose weight under medical supervision, but there are a few rules to keep in mind.

The first change to be made is limiting the amount of calories consumed daily. Although slimming should not be focused on continual counting calories, but they should be taken into account when planning a diet. The optimal daily dose of calories depends on age, sex, height, weight and physical activity, so you can not specify the number of calories that would be suitable for everyone.

Another important change is the reduction of salt intake. The salt, by absorbing the blood it links with it a lot of water, so there is an increase in pressure in the arteries. A restriction of consumption is recommended for anyone but in the case of cardiovascular diseases it is recommende to eliminate the salt at all.

Of course, the point here is not just about self-salting food, but also ready-made meals and products which contain the salt. This means that you should eliminare, for example, salted peanuts. When preparing meals, the salt can be replaced by salt pepper, spices and herbs. Persons seeking to reduce weight should be on a diet, which is dominated by vegetables, fruits, legumes and whole grains, because such a diet is healthy and provides a lot of valuable fiber.

It is recommended to significantly reduce the consumption of animal fats, and especially red meat, pies, game, offal and sausage. Instead of meat you can eat oily fishes, which contain omega-3 and omega-6 acids, decreasing a cholesterol level. It is worth remembering that the safest fats are those unsaturated, such as oil coke or olive oil.

An important role is also played by a way of preparing meals. It is forbidden to fry and bake with lots of fat. Fat used during such a processing has a negative effect on the heart and promotes the development of atherosclerosis. Moreover, the high temperature treatment results in the loss of many valuable nutrients, and also, in the case of frying, to produce life-threatening substances. Food is best to cook steamed, to stew without oil or bake in foil.

Of course, it is recommended that eating regularly and unhurried, and avoiding snacking between meals. The diet can be supported by dietary supplements, but only after consultation with your doctor to make sure that they will not be interacted with medications. It may be helpful in reducing appetite both supplements and preparations supporting fat burning.

Physical activity

A physical activity is always an important addition to the diet, but in diseases of the cardiovascular system you can not afford in this area in complete freedom. Before starting training, it is recommended to measure the blood pressure.

People after a heart attack have to undergo so-called excercise test (stress testing), which evaluates the performance of a patient and examines the reactions of the organism to an effort. In diseases of the cardiovascular system it is recommended to run sport of a low or moderate intensity. A good option is walking, cycling, swimming or nordic walking. Sprinting or weightlifting – it is better to left them for healthy people.

The training should be done regularly, at least three times a week. The minimum duration of the training is about 30 minutes. However, if during it there will be chest pain or a faintness occurs, you should stop and consult a doctor.

It is worth noting that the weight reduction is not the only positive effect of physical activity for people suffering from diseases of the heart and circulatory system. The effort of moderate intensity regulates the blood pressure, and also a cholesterol level.

Slimming in diseases of the heart and the circulatory system is a little more difficult, but it does not mean that you can not get rid of excess kilos and does not lead to the symptoms of the disease. Keep in mind that getting rid of excess weight is always good for health, especially for people who have already recognized negative effects of excess body fat.

Posted on: July 14, 2016

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