Plantain psyllium – properties and application
Plantain psyllium (Latin: Plantago psyllium) is also called the Mediterranean grandmother, grassweed, pchlica, or flea sperm. It is not a native Polish plant, therefore it is rarely cultivated in our country. It comes from the warm Mediterranean region. Commercially grown in India, Pakistan, the former USSR countries, France and Spain. The name psyllium comes from the Greek word for flea and refers to the shape and size of the seeds.
Plantain psylnik is an annual plant with a weakly branched stem. Its upper part is shortly hairy. The plant grows up to 30 cm in height. Herbal raw material is ripe seeds obtained from ellipsoid shaped bags. Each fruit contains two small, oval seeds with a dark brown shape and a shiny surface, resembling some flax seeds.
Basic chemical composition of plantain psyllium
Psyllias plantain seeds are very rich in mucus (about 10-12%) – they are found in the outer membrane of the seeds and are mainly composed of a soluble fraction of polysaccharides that contain galacturonic acid, rhamnose, xylose and arabiose. The seeds also contain protein (15-20%), tannins, vegetable fats (about 8-11% – linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids), acubin and phytosterols (campesterol, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol). The plant grows in very sunny places. Plantain psylnik likes well-drained and permeable soils. The seeds produce a layer of mucilage and stick to the skin, so the harvest of herbal raw material requires patience. The collected seeds are dried in shady airy rooms. To obtain the psyllium plantain extract, all the inflorescences are collected, which are then dried.
Plantain psyllium for intestinal hypersensitivity and constipation
Plantain psylnik is used, among others, in people suffering from intestinal hypersensitivity. The seeds, when exposed to water, form a gel. The liquid mass makes it easier to move the masses lying in the intestines.
Dietary fiber (fiber) plays an important role in regulating the function of the digestive tract. After consuming the seeds with a lot of water they pass almost unchanged into the large intestine. They inhibit the resorption of water and increase the volume of fecal masses, thereby stimulating the peristalsis of the large intestine and deflex reflex, thus alleviating constipation. Plantain is also used in situations where easy bowel movements are particularly indicated, for example in the case of hemorrhoids. In addition, it causes the secretion of saliva and other digestive juices. An additional benefit is the binding of bile acids, food contaminants and metals. As a result, they are not absorbed into the bloodstream. Due to the above properties, psyllium grandmother has found widespread use as a means to regulate defecation.
Seeds of plantain psyllium in diet
Psidium plantain seeds should not be subjected to heat treatment, because under the influence of high temperature, the effects of ingredients present in the plant could be weakened. You can eat whole plant seeds with natural yoghurt. The suggested dose for adults is about 8 teaspoons two or three times a day. Psyllias plantain can also be given to children, but not more than two teaspoons.
Plantain psyllium versus LDL cholesterol
Regular consumption of psyllium seed seeds contributes to the improvement of the lipid profile (reduces LDL, increases HDL) and intestinal flora – psyllium psyllium is a substrate for the bacteria Bacteroides ovatus, a strain naturally occurring in the human intestinal flora. Consumption of grandmother’s seeds causes the development of the above mentioned bacteria and stimulates the development of other bacterial species and enzymatic activity. This changes the rate of cholesterol degradation. Plantain psylnik cleans the digestive system, including through binding of bile acids.
Plantain psyllium in cosmetics
The infusion containing mucus from psyllium seed plant seeds has moisturizing and nourishing properties, which prevents the skin from drying out. It is indicated for use in the form of compresses with inflammation of the skin, dryness, atopic dermatitis, rosacea, or even psoriasis.
Not everyone can eat seeds
People suffering from intestinal obstruction and abdominal pain of unknown origin should not consume seeds of plantain psyllium. They can lead to unwanted side effects such as vomiting. As a result, the symptoms of obstruction may also increase.
How do you use a psylli plantate?
Seeds psylnik plantworm best eaten in the morning on an empty stomach. It also gives good results in the evening before bedtime. After eating a portion of seeds you need to provide the body with a lot of fluids. Psyllias plantain seeds can also be used to make a tea. Just pour 2 teaspoons of juice or soda water. After mixing the drink, you must wait until the stones fall to the bottom. Then you have to mix the mixture again and drink. Higher doses are recommended to people struggling with constipation. Then, however, remember to drink at least 1.5 liters of water each day.
Other health benefits of psyllium plantain
Seeds of psyllium plantain help to level blood sugar. Their use is recommended especially for people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Seeds help in weight loss – psyllium grandmother has a positive effect on metabolism, suppresses appetite, including due to the high fiber content. Studies conducted in people with type 2 diabetes show that grandmother seeds, due to the high content of fiber, effectively reduce the level of glucose in the blood, even by 12% and reduce the sugar content in the urine.
You can read also: Dietary fiber and weight lossPosted on: May 29, 2019