Obesity stress as other on itself influence
Psychological stress, especially long-term stress, may be one of the factors influencing the emergence of overweight and obesity. But also excessive body mass often becomes a source of many anxieties for the patient. What is stress and how does it affect weight gain? What are the emotional problems caused by obesity?
Obesity is a complex disease contributing to both dietary deficiencies, environmental abnormalities, metabolic and hormonal disorders, genetic factors and psychological factors. Among the latter, the stimulus for gaining weight can be the use of food as a damping block of stress, a leveler of emotional tension.
On the other hand, overweight and obese people experience many psychological, stress-related situations due to their illness, e.g. those related to dietary restrictions during dietary treatment. Therefore, specialists indicate how important it is to personalize the treatment of overweight and obesity for each patient individually and psychological support for this process.
Stress is a commonly known concept experienced by us in many important life events. It is usually associated with unpleasant experiences. We understand it subconsciously as a negative stimulus that affects our lives.
But the source of stress can also be for us positive situations, even joyful and pleasant, for example, preparation for the wedding, meeting with an important person for us. However, regardless of the form, people receive the same stress stimuli in a different, very individual way.
What will be a source of great tension for some people may turn out to be a trivial, meaningless event for others. The manner of receiving a stress stimulus depends on our mental strength, immunity and experienced experiences.
Modern medicine defines psychological stress as the complexity of stimuli and reactions that lead to the stimulation of the psychological and physiological organism. The phenomenon of stress is therefore included in three ways
Stressors are stimuli that contribute to stress. Generally, you can divide them into
This division depends on the strength of the acting stimulus and the man’s tolerance to threats. Stressors come from different places. The source of stress may be our immediate environment such as a family home, workplace or study. Then we are exposed to the stimuli that originate from them and they can be a source of harmful, long-lasting stress.
Stress has a significant impact on the quality of our lives, on our emotional and social development, on functioning in family and professional roles and individual acceptance. Especially experiencing stressful situations in childhood affects our activities in adulthood. For emotional stability, the ability to deal with stressful situations and efficient problem solving plays an important role. It is also important to be able to distinguish important situations that may be a significant stressor from trivial situations that should not affect well-being.
How we handle stressful situations depends on our individual characteristics and adaptive abilities. The ability to actively solve problems through planning activities and solutions is a great art. Unfortunately, we do not all have it. However, this is the best method of fighting stress. It requires us to have a reasonable approach to matters that are often the source of many negative feelings that lead us out of psychological balance.
Psychological stress, especially long-lasting, can be one of the factors that influence overweight and obesity. Stress, which acts briefly above all, will stop craving for some time. During the operation of chronic stress, when we confuse emotions with hunger, we eat larger portions of food, and those uninflected in energy are deposited in the form of adipose tissue.
Another reason for eating too much under stress is the lack of ability to deal with it. More precisely – it’s about the lack of ability to relieve emotions. Everyone has a style of dealing with a crisis situation. But when we interpret stress properly – as an emotion – we should unload it in a different way than eating food. It is important to develop appropriate relaxation techniques, engage in physical activity, relax, and conscious isolation from the source of the problem, which will help us to deal with stress without any problems.
Scientific research shows that responding with excessive consumption of food during stress is a basic mechanism of action in many people, but it is a learned reaction. This is because food is a means not only easy and everywhere available, but also quickly bringing relief. Unfortunately, this is temporary relief. Food and the food process itself do not bring solutions to the problem, nor do they remove it. Often under the influence of stress patients in the same way reach not only for sweets or high-calorie foods, but also for alcohol and cigarettes.
Obesity itself is also a source of stress for the patient. Overweight and obese people often do not accept their appearance, have low self-esteem, feel unattractive. They are also under a lot of social pressure, they have difficulties in establishing and maintaining professional, social and social relationships.
The source of stress is also for people with overweight and obesity further attempts to reduce body mass. Going to a doctor, dietitian, even telephone contact, diet, cooking meals, check-ups, exposure to constant assessment from specialists can be a painful experience for the patient.
During treatment, overweight and obese patients often experience situations in which they feel isolated or wronged. These sensations are most often caused by the need to strictly follow a slimming diet in the company of people with normal body weight, eg close family members, school friends, or work. Eating the forbidden snacks thus becomes a comforter. It acts as an addiction with a greater impact than the principles of rational nutrition.
While using slimming diets, patients may also have a problem with restrictive food. Continuing to deny yourself the pleasure of food can lead to huge frustration. And this in turn to abandon the diet or to paroxysmal food in accordance with the principle of all or nothing – or strictly adhere to the diet or completely do not control the quality and quantity of meals consumed.
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