Gut flora and excess weight or obesity

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Bacterial flora of the intestines is undoubtedly very important for our health. It only proves how important diet is in the treatment of various diseases. One of the diseases that starts in the guts is obesity. Although it is obvious that obesity is often related to excessive food intake, it may also be related to a bad state of the intestines.

 

The most recent studies indicate that disorders of gut work lead to obesity

Researchers from the Yale University analyzed the way, in which dysbiosis of intestinal conditions leads to obesity. The relationship between intestinal microbiome, metabolic disorders and diabetes type 2 seems obvious. But, the question “why does it happen?” has been left without an answer.

 

Earlier studies on this mechanism proved that short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), especially acetate, stimulate the secretion of insulin.  In the most recent study at Yale, the researchers compared acetate to other short-chain fatty acids. They observed that the level of acetates is much higher in people who eat larger amounts of fat. Moreover, the researchers noticed that acetate stimulates the secretion of insulin by the cells of the pancreas. For this reason, they decided to carry our more tests.

 

Another step was the application of acetate to the brain, which only confirmed its influence on insulin. It rapidly increased the secretion of insulin by the stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. The conclusion is: higher concentration of acetates is related to the higher secretion of insulin, in response to the intake of glucose. Moreover, the studies also proved that after the injection, the secretion of ghrelin and gastrin was also increased – the hormones that are responsible for the feeling of hunger.

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In simple words: the study demonstrates the relationship between the lesions in the intestinal microflora, production of acetates and our diet. Increased level of acetate may lead to obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance or even diabetes. For this reason, it is worth taking care of our intestines and eating properly.

 

How to take care of our gut microflora?

Unfortunately, diet is not sufficient. In order to maintain homeostasis in our intestines, we need probiotics. They help us to maintain a variety of positive bacteria cultures in our intestines, despite taking antibiotics and drugs. It is worth taking a probiotic that contains a few various strains of bacteria. However, remember to stay alert at the beginning – some probiotics may be really strong and taking them in an excessively high dose may cause some unpleasant stomach ailments.

 

Controlling the state of our intestines is equally important as supplementation. It is good to do some tests from time to time. Therefore, at least once a year you should do morphological tests. Prophylaxis may prevent diseases and help you to faster achieve your dreamed body. Due to the disorders of our intestinal microflora, we may have problems with getting rid of fat from our organism.

Posted on: August 25, 2018

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