Garcinia cambogia – slimming properties of HCA supplements
With the growing popularity of dietary supplements from garcinia cambogia, the controversy surrounding this ingredient is also growing.While some argue that its slimming properties are highly overrated, others consider it a remedy.And what are the facts?
One of the discoveries on the market of dietary supplements supporting slimming has recently become garcinia cambogia.The exotic name and the amazing properties attributed to it quite quickly made the dietary supplements containing it popular.At the same time, the controversy surrounding this component has been growing and growing.While some argue that its slimming properties are highly overrated, others consider garcinia to be a miracle remedy.And what are the facts?
Garcinia cambogia – origin
Garcinia cambogia is a plant that occurs naturally in Indonesia, and is cultivated throughout Southeast Asia, as well as in western and central Africa.It is known under the names malabar tamarind, brindal berry, gambooge and vrikshamla, and in Poland as tamarind as well.Its fruits are shaped like small, yellow pumpkins.For thousands of years they have been treated as a spice and used in natural medicine as an important component of many medicines.Indians attribute these properties to the treatment of rheumatism, many accidents related to the digestive system, and even the strengthening of the heart muscle.
There are many stories and anecdotes about discovering the slimming properties of garcinia cambogia.One of them says that the tamarind fruit was supplied by sailors flowing through the Suez Canal (the plant is found in Egypt).They were to protect against scurvy.Admittedly, it was not a very appetizing snack, due to the sour taste, but at least the fruits were easily available.By the way, they were also served on animals carried on ships.And it was then that it was observed that during longer voyages the flock fed with them lost weight.According to the anecdote, it was the doctors from the ships on which the tamarind diet was used, and after going ashore they opened their own obesity treatment practices, and garcinia cambogia was the secret ingredient of their therapy.In this situation, it was only a matter of time before the properties of these fruits became interested in the world of science.As a result, in the 1960s, researchers discovered that tamarind is a rich source of hydroxycitric acid – a substance found in oranges and lemons.And it was she who was responsible for the slimming properties of garcinia cambogia.
Properties of hydroxycitric acid (HCA)
It suppresses appetite, accelerates fat burning and lowers cholesterol – in a nutshell, you can describe the properties attributed to hydroxycitric acid (abbreviated HCA).Its action in the body takes place at the cellular level, where the mitochondria are incorporated, instead of citric acid, in the Krebs cycle.It also intensifies the transport of fatty acids to the mitochondria, which leads to the formation of ketone compounds known to inhibit the appetite.One of the theories on HCA also says that it sends a signal to the brain using 5-hydroxytryptophan, which is a direct precursor to serotonin – called the happiness hormone (some sources even suggest that the use of garcinia cambogia may improve mood).
Hydroxycitric acid is also attributed to the effect on thermogenesis – the process of raising body temperature, which is conducive to fat burning.However, there is no precise data confirming this HCA property or describing the possible mechanism of such action.However, there are studies that state that hydroxycitric acid blocks citrate lyase – an enzyme that contributes to the conversion of sugars and starch into fat.As a result of this action, no further deposition of fat tissue occurs, and carbohydrates delivered to the body are used to produce energy.
In another study, the intake of HCA for 8 weeks was accompanied by a decrease in cholesterol of up to 18%.The concentration of triglycerides (26%) decreased even more significantly in the study group.In patients taking part in the study, a hypotensive effect (lowering blood pressure) was also observed, although it can not be ruled out that it resulted from weight loss.
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