In 1921, the first fast-food restaurant was established in America. Currently, we find them all over the world, located in every city on the corner of every street. Such a rapid development of these networks is to a large extent the fault of ourselves – customers who like to quickly snack a piece of deep-fried meat-like product, scald high-calorie fries and then drink a meal of water, sugar and taste regulators.
Although taste is a matter of taste and many people say that they do not like the taste of fast food, statistics indicate that these people constitute a decided minority. Most of us will be tempted from time to time to have such an easy meal, which is hardly surprising given the manufacturers’ sophisticatedness in the selection of ingredients that change the texture and taste of food. Although temptation can sometimes be great, it would be best to never use junk food. They are not only high-calorie and lead to the deposition of fat – but they also have very dangerous elements that will negatively affect our health.
Trans fatty acids
These types of fatty acids belong to the family of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids – but do not let this information fool you. Healthy acids belonging to this group have double bonds with a cis structure. However, those that we find in French fries are characterized by a changed structure called trans. Such a small change has a colossal impact on our health.
Trans fat after ingestion increases the level of bad LDL cholesterol, lowering the level of good HDL fraction. Also, they have a pro-inflammatory effect in our body. All these traits make the trans fatty acids almost guarantee the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in our circulatory system, leading to the development of atherosclerosis.
Fast foods contain so much because they are fried in low-fat, low-quality. The very high temperature used for frying further accelerates the accumulation of this toxic fraction of fatty acids.
Poles should be sensitive to this issue because, according to the research of Dr. Steen Stender from the University of Denmark, our fast foods contain a particularly large amount of trans fatty acids compared to other countries from Europe or the world.
The salt is close to our hearts because it is almost an inseparable element of Polish cuisine. He can improve the taste of each cooked food, and in the case of junk food, he can also kill certain flavors that we should not feel.
Although much is said about the risks of salt intake, it does not have to be unhealthy. A small pinch of salt added to the food is not a cause for concern, however, along with the growing consumption, health problems begin to appear. The most popular ones are hypertension, which is also associated with other symptoms of metabolic syndrome such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, and obesity. The high presence of salt is also a partial reason why fast food is so addictive and not very filling – because salt inhibits the satiety resulting from the consumption of fats in the diet.
Phthalates hiding under abbreviations such as DEHP and DiNP are normally used in the production of plastic to increase its strength and flexibility. We find them in a wide range of goods – including construction products, cosmetics, toys, as well as … fast food. Their presence in the body is associated with serious health problems in children and adults. This fact is alarming, considering that the studies show even a half higher concentration of DEHP and DiNP in people eating fast food.
Although fast-food restaurants operate in the catering industry, they would do great on the market of magic tricks and optical illusions. You order a hamburger – they tell you that it is meat; you think it is meat; it even looks like meat, but with meat, it has little in common.
The exact composition of the hamburger was taken up in 2008 by Dr. Brigid Prayson. In the samples it examined, there was on average only 12% of meat, although in some cases this value was only 2%! Also, the hamburger samples contained connective tissue, blood vessels, adipose tissue, plant material, cartilage, and bones.
Lack of nutritional value
The classic fast-food set not only contains many elements that damage our health, but it also does not contain valuable vitamins and minerals, so important for the functioning of regulatory mechanisms. As a result, we weaken the functioning of the immune system, slow down metabolism and feel depressed, as if something sucked the energy out of us, although in reality, we provided it with more than 1000 kcal, which we can admire now, looking down at our stomach.